To all the people of Haldimand/Norfolk/Brant/Hamilton

Regarding Haldimand and Norfolk's decision calling for a Federal Environmental AsseSsment on the proposal for a Nuclear Power Plant to be developed in Nanticoke, Ontario.

It is essential to have a provincial Environmental Assessment done as it is more stringent and in-depth assessment of the factors.

A federal Environmental Assessment may be, by comparison in nuclear matters, much weaker and less likely to protect the public interest. This is so, as many elements of the nuclear industry (AECL, CNRC, GSC - advisors on earthquakes to all - proponents and regulators) are under federal control.

There should be the consideration that the proposed site is in Ontario, and that the people of the area are living in Ontario, they pay taxes in Ontario, etc. The Environmental Assessment must be Ontario-based, and one that relates to the Ontario's building codes. It is not acceptable to have Nuclear Environmental Assessments performed solely by the federal government when federal agencies who are behind the scenes, are also proponents (through AECL) of developing nuclear power plants. A Provincial Environmental Assessment is more likely to provide the opportunity for public input, being independent and less likely to be "conflicted". BOTTOM LINE... There is the greater chance that the concerns of local residents will be heard in a Provincial Environmental Assessment.



The Nuclear Energy, Environment & Nuclear Safety is under the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC)

Environmental Assessment:

A prerequisite to the licensing of new nuclear facilities in Canada is the successful completion of a federal Environmental Assessment (EA). Nuclear facilities are licensed under federal jurisdiction; consequently a federal EA process is required.

The Environmental Assessment for either new build nuclear plants or the refurbishment of existing facilities is conducted by the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) under the authority of the Federal Government's Canadian Environmental Assessment (CEA) Agency.

The Province plans to participate in the federal environmental assessment to ensure that Ontario's interests are addressed.



Please note, we are not alone on this issue, the CBC articles below and | Provincial Environmental Assessment Links | etc. will help tell the story ...

Ontario will build new, refurbish old, nuclear plants

Last Updated: Tuesday, June 13, 2006 | 10:43 PM ET

CBC News:

The Ontario government has raised the ire of environmentalists, but says it will push ahead with plans to refurbish old plants and build new nuclear power reactors to supply the province's energy needs.

Energy Minister Dwight Duncan made the announcement on Tuesday, saying that the province didn't have many alternatives.

The Pickering Nuclear Plant east of Toronto. The province plans to build new reactors and upgrade old ones. (Kevin Frayer/ Canadian Press)

"Listen, if I had my druthers, it would be 100 per cent hydroelectric, the way it was the first 50 years of the 20th century." But, said Duncan, "nuclear power has an important role to play."

The energy minister said only two new reactors will "likely" be built. The rest of the power the province will need over the next 20 years will come from energy conservation and renewable resources like wind and hydroelectric power.

Duncan calls the building of two new reactors just a modest expansion of nuclear power.

But Sean-Patrick Stensil, spokesman for Greenpeace, disagrees. "Spending $40 billion refurbishing old plants, and building new plants, that's basically what [former Ontario premier] William Davis did in the 1970s, and we know it didn't work."

Opposition doubts targets will be met...

The opposition parties think the government won't be able to meet its targets for energy conservation and renewable energy.

"If they're not increasing the floor, they're not going to be able to meet their targets unless everything falls into place," said Conservative critic John Yakabuski.

NDP Leader Howard Hampton said there will only be one alternative if the government cannot meet its targets for conservation and renewable energy: build more than just the two reactors. "There's a real attempt here by the McGuinty government, to [put off] all of these electricity supply issues, all of the environmental issues [until] after the next election."

Mark Winfield, with the Pembina Institute, an environmental think-tank, said the announcement is carefully designed to appear to be a compromise. Any decision, he said, to adopt more nuclear energy poses a risk to the public. He also points out that Ontario's nuclear history is filled with multibillion-dollar cost overruns and missed deadlines.

Winfield said other nations have avoided nuclear power altogether by embracing alternative energy and conservation programs. "The alternatives are there for the taking. It's a question of whether the government can summon the courage to go down that path, and unfortunately its courage failed it today."

It could take up to 15 years to bring more reactors on line in Ontario, while the province's energy consumption continues to grow.

But Ontario government officials say they will meet the targets for energy conservation because for the first time they'll be relying on laws and regulations to force tougher building codes and more efficient air conditioners and lighting.


Nuclear plan will skirt environmental assessment, say critics

Last Updated: Thursday, June 15, 2006 | 5:27 PM ET

CBC News:

Critics of the province's plan to build nuclear reactors to help secure Ontario's energy supply are accusing the government of ducking environmental assessments.

Opposition members and environmentalists say Premier Dalton McGuinty's Liberals quietly passed a regulation Monday that exempts the new plan from provincial assessments.

The 20-year Ontario energy plan includes building two new nuclear reactors, refurbishing four existing units in Pickering and doubling the reliance on renewable energy. The strategy was unveiled Wednesday.

FROM JUNE 13, 2006: Ontario will build new, refurbish old, nuclear plants

Environment Minister Laurel Broten said Thursday the government believed the plan was exempt from provincial environmental assessments after receiving legal advice.

She said the Liberals passed the regulation on Monday to reinforce that interpretation and ensure the energy plan would not be subject to a legal challenge.

Broten and Energy Minister Dwight Duncan both maintain that individual nuclear reactors will still undergo a federal environmental assessment, even though the general energy plan would not be assessed by the province.

However, Shawn-Patrick Stensil of Greenpeace Canada said the federal process is mostly a technical one that doesn't address environmental concerns, and is not as strict as the provincial process.

It is estimated that a provincial environmental assessment of the plan could cost millions and take years.


Environmental watchdog slams Ontario for evading nuclear review

Last Updated: Tuesday, June 20, 2006 | 9:46 AM ET

CBC News:

The Ontario Liberals are guilty of an unprecedented violation of the public's right to comment on their new nuclear plan, according to the province's environmental watchdog.

Environment Commissioner Gord Miller said the government violated the principle of accountability when it passed a regulation to bypass a provincial assessment of the new nuclear plan.

"The public has the right to go on record, and get their views known, and expressed so that ultimately governments can be held accountable for their decisions," he said.

According to Ontario's Environmental Bill of Rights, every citizen has the right to participate in the province's environmental decision-making.

Environmental Bill of Rights

Under the bill of rights, plans are to be posted on a special website for 30 days for public comment...

However, the Liberal government quietly passed a regulation exempting the government's 20-year electricity plan from environmental assessment just days before unveiling the plan.

FROM JUNE 15, 2006: Nuclear plan will skirt environmental assessment, say critics

Miller said he's never seen anything like this in the 13 year history of the Environmental Bill of Rights.

Environment Minister Laurel Broten said last week that the government sought legal counsel on the matter and was told the nuclear plan did not need to undergo an environmental review.

The regulation was passed to "clarify" that position, she said.

Broten pointed out that specific projects, including individual nuclear reactors, will still be subject to federal environmental assessments.

The environment minister was not available to comment on the latest criticism.

Ontario's electricity plan requires provincial environmental assessment


March 1, 2006 - legal opinion released by the David Suzuki Foundation

Toronto - A provincial environmental assessment will be required for the long-term electricity plan being developed by the Ontario Power Authority (OPA),


Is the Ontario government taking the right path by promoting nuclear energy?

CATCH News - February 22, 2007

Stoney Creek councillor Brad Clark challenges Nanticoke nuclear power proposal plan

Stoney Creek councillor Brad Clark says secret discussions about building a nuclear power plant upwind of Hamilton require the city to publicly challenge the provincial government.


Thunder Bay General Session February 21, 2000

Issue #2-Harmonization of federal/provincial processes

Often unclear as to which level (provincial vs. federal) takes precedence. Result is that sometimes separate Environmenta Assessments are done for the project to satisfy each jurisdiction.


The Role of Health Professionals in Environmental Assessment Consolidated Workshop Proceedings

| Provincial Environmental Assessment Links |